AMA Formatting Style Guide: Put It in Your Pocket!

Formatting & Citation Guide

AMA Formatting Style Guide: Put It in Your Pocket!

AMA citation format is a special referencing system developed by The American Medical Association. It is used to organize research papers in medical fields. The organization used AMA format for their purposes and later suggested that educational institutions should start using it. There are several versions of the style depending on the organization and type of publication.

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What is AMA Format?

“What is AMA format?” It is a system, which makes it possible to highlight parts of the research projects where the ideas of other authors are used. They are needed to support the writer’s arguments. The American Medical Association refuses to publish works that are not properly cited – those are considered plagiarism. Students and professionals from these fields apply the discussed format:

  • Healthcare
  • Medicine
  • Nursing
  • Other scientific areas

What are the components of AMA paper format? How to insert them in the text?

How to Write a Paper in AMA Format?

A student should know the 2 basic components of AMA formatting:

  1. Format citation
  2. Bibliography format

The approaches to using both components are different to other styles like MLA or ASA. These elements are different from each other. The goal of citation is to provide specific information to support the thesis/arguments while the purpose of the bibliography is to share details on the used sources. A citation is a brief phrase, and bibliography is a separate page.

To learn how to write a paper in AMA format, a writer should decide on the type of citation. Those are direct and indirect in-text quotations. The direct quotations have no changes; the indirect quotation is the one paraphrased by the paper’s writer. How in the world should a reader see the link? A citation and each corresponding reference in the bibliography are connected with the help of a number determined by order of appearance within the content (1, 2, etc.)

Citation Guide: Things That Matter the Most

Creating AMA format in text citation requires a number in superscript where the source is recalled. In case of direct quotation, a citation format is displayed with a quote at the end of the sentence. The numbers appear in chronological order.

The number is important. It makes it possible to discover the full reference in the bibliography part at the end of the essay. The reference must begin with the quotation number. The numbers show up one-by-one in the content.

Various types of sources demand various details to assist the target audience in detecting the original source.

According to AMA citation guide, one has to quote different sources using specific methods. Students should use:

  • Books & e-Books
  • Newspapers
  • Magazines
  • Academic journals
  • Articles
  • Reports
  • Websites
  • Videos

How to Write in AMA Format: Main Elements to Include

What about the main format paper principles? The primary rule is to try using active voice. Other guidelines include:

  • Double-spaced content
  • Single-Inch margins from all sides
  • Times New Roman or Arial format 12-point in size
  • Title page
  • Number of every page
  • Headings

Read Journal of the American Medical Association (JAMA) & International Committee of Medical Journal Editors (ICMJE) for more details. How to structure the paper?

A paper of such type is made of 4 sections:

  1. Title Page
  2. Abstract
  3. Introduction
  4. Methodology
  5. Results
  6. Discussion
  7. References
  8. Appendices (optional)

It is different from an ordinary essay structure. Discussion & Results are one section.

An abstract should not be longer than 250-300 words. It should include the research purpose/background, the study design, main findings, and essential conclusions.

The structured abstract is a different type. In rare cases, a writer should choose this one:

  • For reports of original information
  • With predefined headings (mind the report’s type)
  • Restricted by 250 words

The keywords should go at the end of an abstract.

Creating AMA Style Citation and Reference List

The basic rules of this format are:

  • Every AMA reference format is quoted with the help of superscript Arabic numeral;
  • A writer can cite numerous references by putting them in order, divided by comma;
  • A writer should quote certain page numbers within a source by putting the reference in parentheses after the number;
  • The numbers follow the commas & periods.

It is time to observe the rules of developing a bibliography! The primary rules for creating an AMA bibliography format include:

  1. Each reference contain a number;
  2. The references appear in the order they show up in the paper;
  3. The necessary details are:
  • Author’s full name
  • Title of the source
  • Source’s type
  • Number & issue
  • Pages cited/URL

AMA Format Example

The example of AMA reference format should help. Watch both citations and references.

  1. Diabetes mellitus leads to the higher risk of foot ulcers.1,3-6
  2. The information presented by Marcus at al11,14-16 is another evidence of this effect.
  3. The outcomes were as follows1-3:

Every number should relate to the specific source from the reference lits at the end of the research paper.

AMA Works Cited is the last part of the essay. It goes after the Conclusion part on a separate page. Here is an example of reference:

Thorne R, Grey AB. Impact of nursing care on the length of time aged patients spend with physicians during the ambulatory visits. Hospital Care, 20013;33(9):567-571.

Howling DC, Morte G, Rowland P, at al. Why should the physical assistants provide the skin cancer tests and teach them in medical college? Arch Dermatol. 2014;126(7):965-972.

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