Some part of population knows it as a coastal seaport city in Canada. Students know it better as a Vancouver citation format. It is another citing and referencing style to keep in mind if a student lives and studies in Canada – a dream of many youngsters around the world. Read the professional guide on how to create a Vancouver citation and corresponding reference.
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What is Vancouver Format?
What does Canadian city stand for in terms of education? Vancouver references appear as a numbered approach to referencing the works of other researchers and writers. Students who study healthcare, medicine, nursing, and science use this style. They should consider some other styles. Vancouver format of references contains a couple of elements:
- In-text quotations to the paper of another writer, defined by the use of numbers;
- A chronologically numbered reference page, which pops up on a separate piece after the conclusion. It offers the source’s details to inform the readers.
Why Is Vancouver Style Format Needed?
The given style format sticks to the principles offered by the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors. Nowadays, the style is dictated by the U.S. National Library of Medicine. To publish an article or research paper in a biomedical journal, a writer should check whether the text organization corresponds to the university standards.
Sometimes, students may need to create a quotation for the natural sciences or technology classes (including information technologies). Teachers may sometimes require using other writing styles. Those are:
- APA (social sciences, psychology, & humanities);
- Chicago/Turabian (sociology, arts, & humanities);
- Oxford (for those who live in the UK);
- Harvard (social areas, technical fields, and natural sciences.
Template to Create Vancouver Format Bibliography
Follow these tips while working on the bibliography.
- Put down references in numerical sequence (the way they appear in the paper);
- Place the bibliography on the last, separate page of the project;
- Start the page with its title (References);
- Make sure the bibliography contains the references to in-text citations;
- Never add unpublished elements like correspondence;
- Apply Arabic numerals (2, 1, etc.);
- Check how to prepare abbreviations in NLM Catalog;
- Scan the source’s details against the actual literature – define what was observed;
- Remain consistent with the paper structure in every part of the text.
Explore a couple of examples to understand format for references.
- Hagrid P, Rowland JR, editors. Several approaches to constructing a sociological portrait of s user. Dordrecht: Springer; 2016. 313 p.
- Rose GR. Stressful situations caused by a busy schedule and their impact on the life of an average student of the American college [Internet]. New York: McGraw-Hill; 2015 [cited 2015 Dec 9]. 321 p. Available from: [link]
Let the Vancouver format generator available free online develop citations along with references with a couple of clicks. It is important to know the source’s type. Based on the type (book, journal, newspaper, website), a writer will have to:
- Provide numbers for the references;
- Follow the order in which the citations show up in the paper;
- Name the initial six writers followed by “et al.” (when many authors are present);
- Apply the official abbreviations.
Developing In-Text Vancouver Format Citation
How about preparing in-text quotes? Direct and indirect in-text quotations are needed to support the words of the writer (find the evidence in the primary sources).
What is the difference between direct and indirect quotes? Look at the examples to understand:
Example of direct: Citations of three lines or less should go in quotation marks from both sides and possess an indented paragraph without quotation marks if more than 3 lines are present.
A brief quote: “The quality of research results were predetermined by the restricted amount of resources, scientists skills, experience, and a number of people who agreed to participate” (4, p. 139).
Pay attention the writer’s name is a part of the content.
A source with several writers: “O’Grady and McGill admitted that: “There was not enough information on the researched problem to offer a possible solution” (7, p. 118).
One more way is to rebuild original content. To avoid plagiarism, a student can rewrite (paraphrase) the chosen piece of the text mentioning the original writer in any case. He/she should include the source’s information.
The main idea of the bibliography page is to help the reader identify the used sources correctly and learn more information on the discussed problem while the idea of a quotation is to prove the writer’s argument.
Is there anything else to learn about this style? If a student finds it hard to keep in mind various writing styles guidelines, we know the best way out: place an order on the professional online writing service to get prompt help. We promise to deliver the best quality.