How to Write an Argumentative Essay: Structure, Samples and 40 Topic Ideas

How to Write an Argumentative Essay: Structure, Samples and 40 Topic Ideas

“Women should be included in the male sports teams as the latest Olympic Games showed that female teams performed 15% better than some of the male teams.”

It is an example of thesis statement taken from the sports debatable essay. How to write an argumentative essay? Many college students have this question after their teachers assign homework, which requires defending a particular point of view. The article will help the students to understand some witty ways to write such type of paper based on the structure of argument essay outline and 40 great topic ideas.

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How to Write a Good Argumentative Essay: Overall Structure Review

Every student who wants to learn how to write a good argumentative essay should divide the paper into separate parts to understand the purposes of each section. To begin with, the writer should take care of the outline.

Ways to Handle Argumentative Essay Outline

An argumentative essay outline looks like the action plan a young entrepreneur prepares when getting ready to launch a startup. It serves as a traveler’s map in the woods. A paper outline can save the student in the process of writing once he/she gets stuck in the middle, so there is no way to ignore this magic wand.

Every academic assignment consists of several different sections. They possess equally important value. Various paragraphs play different roles in introducing the topic/problem, creating the main argument, putting down evidence, and concluding the paper impressively. These parts of a persuasive paper are:

  1. Introduction
  2. Creating the argument
  3. Debunking opponent’s position
  4. Conclusion

The second & third parts are known as the body paragraphs.

How to Write Argumentative Essay Thesis

An introduction must close with the sound thesis statement. It is the main sentence of the whole paper. The author puts an argument about a given topic/problem and explains in short the ways he is going to prove it. The difference between the argument & thesis is in the examples below.

An argument, which is not yet a thesis statement: “The movie ‘Thor’ inaccurately portrays a God of Thunder from Scandinavian mythology.”

Here is a thesis statement example: The movie ‘Thor’ inaccurately portrays a God of Thunder from Scandinavian mythology because of the way it ignores the real relationships between him and Loki, making the last one the central villain of the story.”

In the body paragraphs, support this thesis with the extracts from Scandinavian mythology.

How to Write Argumentative Essay Introduction to Grab Reader’s Attention?

Every academic paper has an introduction despite its form, topic, purpose, and other details. Several functions exist that a good introduction paragraph must accomplish.

  1. Make the target reading audience identify the problem/topic the author chose to discuss (answers to the question, “What the essay is about?”
  2. Unless the question is well-known, it is critical to provide a background information to explain things necessary to recognize the subject. Example: Share general information about whom Ben Affleck is as not everyone knows him.
  3. Prepare a strong thesis statement to acknowledge the main conclusion. During the course of the debatable essay, the student will have to develop minimum 3 powerful arguments supported by the evidence gathered during the research process. That is how to write an argumentative essay on any topic. The thesis is the main claim of the paper, which should be defended by 3 smaller arguments the writer included in the body paragraphs.
  4. The last thing to do is to provide a ‘roadmap.’ Like it is impossible to survive a trip without having a map/compass, it is impossible to create a good argumentative essay without letting the reader understand what to expect in the text. Do not confuse this ‘roadmap’ from introduction with an argumentative essay outline!

How to Write Argument Essay Body Paragraph

It is easy to write a body paragraph: unlike the paper’s introduction & conclusion, this part should not impress the reader, catch his eye, or provide a narrow summary like an abstract. It exists to include the supporting claims (no less than 3).

Any stellar body paragraph of an argument essay has the factors listed below:

  • Topic sentence
  • Argument/Main point
  • Credible evidence
  • In-text citation
  • Warrant
  • Counterclaim (refutation)
  • Rebuttal
  • Transition/Clause
  • Closing statement

It reminds of the political debates population can see on their TV screens every time the Presidential Elections or national holidays are coming. Pretend you are the potential candidate’s opposition. Describe the ways you will present your annual plan, introduce the main point, defend other ideas, and refuse the opponent’s counterclaims with the help of various sources. 

Do not come up with more than 3 body paragraphs. The main thing to keep in mind is that the topic sentence pulls from the arguments included in the main claim – thesis statement.

How to Write Argumentative Essay Conclusion?

The most important missions of the last paragraph, conclusion, are to:

  • Restate the thesis statement from the introduction paragraph
  • Provide a connection with real life

The author has to look back at the prompt. Your instruction is: “Use what the class has learned from the books by William Shakespeare and his most famous love stories. Develop an argument essay. Explain why Shakespeare was the best British author of his time through providing a meaningful evidence throughout the paper.”

The main question of the prompt is whether Shakespeare was the best author of his time. The student cannot choose another answer according to the given prompt; he has to do a proper thesis and defend it using the facts & statistics found from the primary sources like books, scholarly articles, academic journals, etc.

Return to the prompt periodically. It is the way to understand how to write a good argumentative essay. After reading the instructions closely & analyzing them, the author has to check the entire text ensuring it has a direct answer or at least a hint to the question. The author should provide the final answer in conclusion.

Each conclusion begins with the rewritten thesis statement, followed by the list of 3-5 main points the author mentioned in the body paragraphs. It should be a summary of the text – try to make it short. The final few sentences must share the author’s expectations for the future, explain the meaning of study in the real world, and finish with the powerful hook sentence like in the introduction paragraph.

That is it! It is time to share a few words about the methods to cite & reference helpful sources and revise the draft to let it be free of any mistakes.

How to Write an Argument Essay: General Prompts

The final stage to pass in order to learn how to write an argument essay is to make a draft & revise the whole paper. Keep in mind the useful tips from a real college professor to make your future debatable paper the strongest one in class!

Professional Advice:

  • Keep away from using emotional language because emotions make the persuasive paper sound irrational, subjective, and useless. Those are 3 “NOs” of any argument essay. Find more essay mistakes to avoid here.
  • Develop headings for every new paragraph based on the thought you want to cover in every format, except for the ordinary essay in MLA. It will help the reader to highlight the main points.
  • Understand the difference between a logical conclusion and an emotional point of view (your conclusion will ruin the entire essay’s image once you decide to put on the emotional reasoning).
  • Cite every source.
  • Avoid making up evidence, pretending there are sources that support a particular point of view as the modern college teachers possess many different online tools to check whether the applied sources exist and are trustworthy.
  • Always develop an outline no matter whether it is an obligatory part or no.

Professor Berkley, college tutor & academic writer at NerdyMates

The student should be ready to defend a personal position by realizing the most powerful points of view for the opposite side. Be ready that other students/teachers/listeners will start arguing!

40 Argumentative Essay Topics from 4 Different Categories!

The list of great argumentative essay topics approved by the teachers from the top colleges & universities of the UK and the US is presented below.

Argumentative Essay Topics for High School

  1. Modern television & media impinge the student’s intellect
  2. Our society is no longer male-dominated
  3. Organizations should start paying paternity leave to dads
  4. A global warming is not a fiction
  5. A climate change is a fact
  6. A huge dissimilarity amid drugs & cigarettes
  7. Cloning is not ethical
  8. Should students use mobile phones at school?
  9. Should abortion be penalized?
  10. Are the modern jails the best way to reduce criminal activity?

Argumentative Essay Topics for College

  1. They should abolish death penalty
  2. Arguments in favor of euthanasia
  3. Euthanasia has no right to exist: it is unethical, immoral, & against the law
  4. Is it ethical to have magazine journalists’ sources a secret?
  5. Are people paying fair taxes in the United States?
  6. Are modern hospitals better than prisons in term of service quality?
  7. Nonbelievers must be large-minded of the specific religious communities that are not resistant to them
  8. Mobile phones do more harm than good
  9. Some other, more effective methods to eliminate the crime than jails
  10. Can curfews assist in preventing the children from troubles?    

Argumentative Essay Topics for Middle School

  1. The reasons why many adolescents fall in love with celebrities
  2. Threats of spending too much time on playing computer/video/mobile games
  3. Violence in video games make the teens more cruel & aggressive
  4. Things that influence modern students the most
  5. Every modern person needs a mobile phone
  6. Parents have no right to limit their children’s Internet access without their agreement
  7. The amount of college homework to assign should be reduced significantly
  8. It is better to attend Gender Studies lessons than listen to parents regarding sexual development & maturation
  9. A child alone must decide on whom he/she wants to live with after the divorcement process is over
  10. Teachers should not force their middle school students to dress the way they do not want

Controversial Argumentative Essay Topics

  1. Cell phones & microwaves are dangerous to human health
  2. Some types of vaccines cause autism, so they should be forbidden
  3. Human activity is contributing to global warming in a negative manner
  4. Humanity is not doing enough to prevent rare species of animals & plants from extinction
  5. Genetically modified foods are not safe for human health
  6. It was never ethical to clone animals & humans
  7. Parental testing is the most effective method to identify Down syndrome as well as congenital disabilities
  8. Marijuana could be a nice solution to many mental disorders
  9. Genetic engineering is the single chance of humanity to fight certain dangerous diseases and congenital disabilities
  10. It is ethical & illegal to use cells of any person without his/her acknowledgment/permission

Argumentative Essay Examples

The authors of this article decided to share one of the most powerful argumentative essay examples with the readers.

Should Voting Be Made Mandatory in the United States?

It is difficult to say uniquely whether the voting procedure should become obligatory for the US citizens. It is a controversial issue with many opposing views. Those who believe that mandatory voting would be a disaster argue that “higher voter turnout is a problem” (Brennan, 2011). Still, the arguments in favor are much stronger. Voting should be mandatory in the USA as it would lead to more accurate outcomes and reflect the position of minorities.

Low voter turnout in the US has already become a huge problem for the democratic movements. As mentioned by Matsler (2003), approximately half of the population which has a right to vote attends elections.


The active voters go to the polling place, make their choice, and the leader is elected. That is how it works. Thus, the rest of the population may stay unhappy with the results, but there is no chance to change them once one of the candidates collects enough votes. Except for obtaining more accurate outcomes, making voting process obligatory “would temper the polarization of American politics” (Liu, 2012).

To conclude, a mandatory voting would promote the accuracy of elections results, enabling more voters to learn what they were supporting. After all, it is one of the most effective methods to fight corruption and other consequences of false authorities.

How to Write an Argumentative Essay: What Now?

It is simple as ABC: if a student has some troubles with his homework assignments of any type, the best way to solve this issue is to contact online writing services from the leading professors & writers around the English-speaking world. These people know what they do. They have more than 800 talented writers on board to help troubleshoot any kind of academic problems round-the-clock!